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accents, tildes and translations

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Daysi Caldevilla-Duing

Joined: 05 Jul 2007
Posts: 41
Location: Miami, FL

PostPosted: Sun Aug 12, 2007 9:31 pm    Post subject: accents, tildes and translations Reply with quote

I'm having the darndest time trying to figure out how to write accents and tildes when I post messages, but I'm just not getting it. I followed Art's suggestion and added Spanish to the Region Language Options of the control panel. But still no luck. Also, although I am a native Spanish speaker, I did grow up here in the US and feel more comfortable and confident writing in English, yet I'd like to have my posts translated into Spanish. How do I do that? Do I request a translation from the translators? Do I type my message on MS Word first then run a translation on it, then cut and paste it into the forum? I'd like to be more bilingual in my posting, and eventually (hopefully) I'd like to be tri-lingual by adding Asturianu. But maybe someone could help me get the Spanish/English thing down first.
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Site Admin

Joined: 17 Feb 2003
Posts: 4460
Location: Maryland

PostPosted: Mon Aug 13, 2007 9:55 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Hi, Daysi,

The translators are overworked volunteers, and some of us (like me) aren't native speakers, so you'll be much happier translating your own posts, I'm sure. (I'm learning on the job!)

Accents are difficult because there are different ways that operating systems deal with accents... even in what seems like the same operating system. One of my Win XP computers (a later version) automatically puts é when I type ' followed by e . Another XP computer (an earlier version) makes me select Spanish language. And sometimes on that eariler system, the language options disappear and can't be used. I have never figured out why they behave differently. It's definitely irritating, but once you figure out how your system works, it'll get easier.

So... what operating system is your computer using? Options include: Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows ME, Windows 98, and various Mac's.

Have you tried the instructions in this thread:
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Joined: 07 Aug 2007
Posts: 98
Location: Avilés

PostPosted: Thu Sep 13, 2007 12:43 pm    Post subject: A way to put accents Reply with quote

Hi Daysi!

There is a way to put accents if you don't have a Spanish keyboard. It's a bit annoying but it's helpful. I have a friend living in London and she uses it from time to time. She printed the list and chooses what she needs. You can have a try Laughing Just press Alt and then the number.




Alt + 0193 → Á

Alt + 0201/144 → É

Alt + 0205 → Í

Alt + 0211 → Ó

Alt + 0218 → Ú

Alt + 0220/154 → Ü

Alt + 0209/165 → Ñ

Alt + 0225/ 160 → á

Alt + 0233/130 → é

Alt + 0237/161 → í

Alt + 0243/162 → ó

Alt + 0250/163 → ú

Alt + 0252/129 → ü

Alt + 0241/164 → ñ

Alt + 0191/168 → ¿

Alt + 0161/173 → ¡

Alt + 0128 → €

Alt + 126 → ~

Expanded list of Alt + Number combinations:
Lista expandida de códigos Alt + Número:





- Option key + e, and then “letter to be accented”

Example: Option key + e, then “o” → ó/Ó

- Option key + n, and then “n” → ñ/Ñ

- Option key + u, and then “u” → ü/Ü

- Option key + 1 → ¡

- Option key + Shift + ? → ¿

- Shift + Option key + 2 → €

Expanded accent codes and foreign symbols for Mac:
Lista expandida de acentos y símbolos extranjeros para Mac:




Alt Gr + ; and then a/e/i/o/u → á/é/í/ó/ú

Alt Gr + [ and then u → ü

Alt Gr + ] and then “n” → ñ

Alt Gr + Shift + 1 → ¡

Alt Gr + Shift + - → ¿

You can check what accent a key produces by pressing it twice.

Expanded list of combinations:
Lista expandida de combinaciones:

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Joined: 24 Feb 2003
Posts: 1715
Location: Connecticut and Massachusetts

PostPosted: Thu Sep 13, 2007 1:07 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

That will work, but it is a bit klutzy. My personal prefence is a program for "foreign" characters available from http://www.less-mess.com/ at no cost (for academics and students) or minimal cost for others.
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Site Admin

Joined: 17 Feb 2003
Posts: 4460
Location: Maryland

PostPosted: Thu Sep 13, 2007 1:44 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Ana's method works well. I used to know the codes when I used an old Win98 PC. The advantage to Ana's system is that you only get the accents when you want them. With the ' + e system I talked about above sometimes you get accents when you want a quotation mark.


El método de Ana functiona bien. Sabía los códigos cuando utilicé una vieja computadora con Win98. La ventaja al sistema de Ana es que te da los acentos solamente cuando los deseas. Con el sistema de ' +e de que hablé arriba, a veces te da acentos cuando deseas comillas.
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Joined: 30 Mar 2005
Posts: 308
Location: Luray, VA. US

PostPosted: Thu Sep 13, 2007 3:42 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I'm partial to Ana's suggestion as well, that's what I use when I bother to use accents. You don't necessarily have to use the on-line reference though. If you are on a Windows pc. go to Programs-Accessories-System tools-Character map you'll find just about any character used in just about any language you can think off.

I don't know that character map is standard in all Windows pcs but every pc I've ever had has had it included.
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Daysi Caldevilla-Duing

Joined: 05 Jul 2007
Posts: 41
Location: Miami, FL

PostPosted: Thu Sep 13, 2007 10:42 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Thanks Ana, let's see if it works for me.
Gracias Ana, vamos ver si trajaba.

ñ ¿ ~

Damn, it works!
¡ Coño, trabaja!

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Site Admin

Joined: 17 Feb 2003
Posts: 4460
Location: Maryland

PostPosted: Thu May 21, 2009 3:29 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Another way to get foreign characters on a US keyboard
Lifted from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alt_Gr

US international keyboard layout

This method uses the AltGr key, which is generally the right Alt key, but see below for more info.

On US international keyboard layouts, the AltGr key can be used to enter the following characters:

¡ ² ³ ¤ € ¼ ½ ¾ ‘ ’ ¥ ×
 ä å é ® þ ü ú í ó ö « »
  á ß ð           ø ¶ ´ ¬
   æ   ©     ñ µ ç   ¿

And, in combination with the Shift key:

¹     £               ÷
 Ä Å É   Þ Ü Ú Í Ó Ö
  Á § Р          Ø ° ¨ ¦
   Æ   ¢     Ñ   Ç

Note that a lot of these symbols can also be entered using the dead keys:

For comparison, the US international keyboard layout follows. Note that the "`/~" key has been omitted; it does not react to the AltGr key.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 - =
 Q W E R T Y U I O P [ ]
  A S D F G H J K L ; ' \
 m Z X C V B N M , . /

"m" denotes the "Macro" key. It generally produces a "\", although applications receive a different keycode and can therefore instead use the key to, for example, run macros.

When using the standard US QWERTY key map layout in Microsoft Windows, the functionality of AltGr is also available via Ctrl+Alt. This is useful in case the current key mapping is not able to differentiate between the Alt key on the left and the AltGr key on the right. Other supported US keyboard layouts (such as "United States-International") do distinguish between left and right-Alt keys, thus allowing the functionality of AltGr to produce accents and other extended characters.
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