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Measurement Equivalents - Medidas Equivalentes

 
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Art
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Joined: 17 Feb 2003
Posts: 4471
Location: Maryland

PostPosted: Wed May 12, 2004 1:42 am    Post subject: Measurement Equivalents - Medidas Equivalentes Reply with quote

When Europeans write recipes they measure by weight. This is baffling to Americans who tend to measure by volume. This list of equivalents for measuring ingredients may help you bridge the gap.

In the US, there are different measuring systems for dry materials and liquids. In most cases, for example, dry ounces (a weight) is not the same as liquid ounces (a volume). Cups, tablespoons, and teaspoons are similar since they are all measures of volume, but there are different kinds of measuring cups for dry and liquid ingredients.

NOTE: The teaspoon, tablespoon, and cup measures are standardized. We usually use specialized tools, not the things we eat and drink with.

The following equivalents are approximate. A cup of two different kinds of flour or beans, for example, might have different weights. Often this is because they have differing amounts of water in them (one will be drier). Plus, I've not tested these, so I can't vouch for their accuracy. As a cook I'm one who tosses in a little of this, dash of that, chunk of the other, and ah, yes, more garlic!!

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Cuando los europeos escriben recetas miden por peso. Esto es incomprensible a los Americanos que tienden a medir por volumen. Esta lista de equivalentes para medir ingredientes puede ayudarte a llenar el vacío.

En EU, hay diferente sistemas de medidas para materiales secos y líquidos. En la mayoría de los casos, por ejemplo, onzas secas (un peso) no son las mismas como onzas líquidas (un volumen). Las tazas, cucharones, y cucharillas son similares ya que están todas medidas de volumen, pero hay diferentes clases de tazas medidas para ingredientes secos y líquidos.

NOTE: Las medidas de cucharilla, cucharón, y taza son estandarizados. Por lo general usamos instrumentos especializados, no las cosas con las que comemos y bebemos.

Los equivalentes siguientes son aproximados. Una taza de dos clases distinctas de harina o judías secos, por ejemplo, podría tener pesos distinctas. A menudo esto es porque contenen diferentes cantidades de aqua (uno será más seco). Más, no he probado estos, entonces no puedo atestiguarme de su exactitud. ¡¡Como un cocinero soy el que que sacude en un poco de esto, una gota de esto, un pedazo del otro, y ah, sí, más ajo!!

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Dry Measure

American to Metric dry measures

rice . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 teaspoon = 1/16 ounce = 5 grams
salt . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 tablespoon = 1/2 ounce = 15 grams
granulated sugar . . 1/2 cup = 4 ounces = 120 grams = 0.133 kilogram (kg)
butter & fat . . . . . . 1 tablespoon = 1/2 ounce = 1/8 stick = 14 grams
. . " . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 tbsp = 4 ounces = 1 stick = 1/2 cup = 1/4 pound = 114 grams
. . " . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 cup = 8 ounces = 2 sticks = 1/2 pound = 227 grams
dried fruit . . . . . . . 2 cups = 16 ounces = 1 pound = 500 grams = 1/2 kilogram
spices . . . . . . . . . . 1 teaspoon = 1/12 ounce = 2 1/2 grams
fresh bread crumbs . 1 cup = 1 1/2 ounces 45 grams
grated cheese . . . . . 1 cup = 4 ounces = 100 grams
dry yeast . . . . . . . . 2 1/4 teaspoons = 1/4 ounce = 7 grams
. . " . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 tablespoon = 1/3 ounce = 9 grams
unsifted flour . . . . . 1 tablespoon = 1/4 ounce = 7 grams
. . " . . . . . " . . . . . . . 1/4 cup = 1 ounce = 30 grams
. . " . . . . . " . . . . . . . 1 cup = 4 ounces = 120 grams
. . " . . . . . " . . . . . . . 2 cups = 8 ounces = 1/2 pound = 240 grams
. . " . . . . . " . . . . . . . 4 cups = 16 ounces = 1 pound = 500 grams = 1/2 kilogram
. . " . . . . . " . . . . . . . 8 1/2 cups = 2 pounds 3 ounces = 1 kilogram

American dry measures

1 teaspoon = 3 tablespoons
8 tablespoons = 1 cup
16 ounces = 1 pound


Liquid Measure

American to Metric liquid measures

1 teaspoon = 1/6 ounce = 5 milliliters
1 tablespoon = 1/2 ounce = 15 milliliters
2 tablespoons = 1 ounce = 30 milliliters
1 cup & 1 tablespoon = 8.5 ounces = 1/4 liter
1 pint & 2 tablespoons = 17 ounces = 1/2 liter
1 quart & 1/4 cup = 34 ounces = 1 liter
2 quarts & 1/2 cup = 68 ounces = 2 liters

American liquid measures

1/3 ounce = 3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon
1 ounces = 2 tablespoons = 1/8 cup = 1 liquid ounce
4 ounces = 8 tablespoons = 1/2 cup = 1/4 pint = 4 liquid ounces
8 ounces = 1 cup = 1/2 pint = 1/4 quart
16 ounces = 2 cups = 1 pint = 1/2 quart
32 ounces = 4 cups = 2 pints = 1 quart = 1/4 gallon
128 ounces = 4 quarts = 1 gallon

Common abreviations for measures

American English
c = cup
gal = gallon
lb = pound
oz = ounce
pt = pint
qt = quart
tbsp = tablespoon
tsp = teaspoon

Metric
g = gram
kg = kilogram
kl = kiloliter
l = liter
mg = milligram
ml = milliliter


Last edited by Art on Thu May 13, 2004 12:18 pm; edited 2 times in total
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Terechu
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Joined: 24 Jun 2003
Posts: 1557
Location: GIJON - ASTURIAS

PostPosted: Wed May 12, 2004 3:05 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Art, you are a treasure! That helps me with my "Recipes and Menus from Alabama" by Ruth Liles. I bought that book many years ago in Atlanta and have only been able to use the more common recipes, because it has no conversion chart.
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Art, eres un tesoro! Esto me valdrá para mi libro de Ruth Liles "Recetas y Menús de Alabama", que compré hace años en Atlanta y del que sólo he podido hacer las recetas más corrientes, porque no trae tabla de equivalencias.

Gracias!
Terechu
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Art
Site Admin


Joined: 17 Feb 2003
Posts: 4471
Location: Maryland

PostPosted: Wed May 12, 2004 1:36 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I'm glad that was useful.

Let me know if there are other ingredients you need conversions for. These are usually easy to figure out from the packaging.

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Me alegro lo que era útil.

Avísame si hay otros ingredientes para cuales necesitas conversiones.U Por lo general, es fácil calcularla del embalaje.
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jomaguca



Joined: 18 Nov 2003
Posts: 230

PostPosted: Thu May 13, 2004 4:22 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

´Yo voy a dar unas equivalencias, el libro de Terechu ,se parece a uno qué tenía mi abuela(ahora lo tiene mi madre) el libro en cuestión te habla de unas medidas como ,libra, libra y media,cuartillo,cuartillo y medio etc....seguro qué Terechu sabe de qué van las medidas ,el libro del qué hablo es gallego de 1916 de un tal Manuel Mª Puga y Parga apodado Picadillo,mira si el libro tiene solera qué el prologo lo firma Emilia Pardo Bazán, genial escritora gallega.
Medidas equivalentes al peso:
1 cuacharada de azucar equivale a 15grs.
" " harina " 10grs.
" " fécula de patata " 13grs.
" " tápioca " 13grs.
"" " cacao " 12grs.
" " mantequilla " 20grs.
" " arroz " 18grs.
" " sal " 18grs.
Líquidos:
1cucharadita tamaño café equivale a 5grs.
" de postre " 10grs.
1 taza tamaño mediano equivale a 100grs.
1 vaso de agua " 250grs. 1/4l.
espero sean de utilidad estas medidas.
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Terechu
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Joined: 24 Jun 2003
Posts: 1557
Location: GIJON - ASTURIAS

PostPosted: Thu May 13, 2004 4:41 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Gracias Joma, esas medidas sí que son difíciles de encontrar. Además, como las cucharas y las cucharillas varian tanto de tamaño, a veces puedes estropear una receta por echar demasiado Royal o demasiado poco azúcar, etc.

Os estoy preparando una receta de manzanas asadas que os vais a chupar hasta los codos! ...en breve en vuestras pantallas!


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Thanks Joma, those measurements are sure hard to find. Besides, as the tablespoons and teaspoons vary so much in size, sometimes you can spoil a recipe by adding too much baking powder or not enough sugar,etc.

I'm writing down a recipe for baked apples that are gonna make you lick your fingers to the elbows! Coming soon to your computer screens!

Terechu
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Art
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Joined: 17 Feb 2003
Posts: 4471
Location: Maryland

PostPosted: Thu May 13, 2004 12:15 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Ah, yes, that's an excellent point. We use special, standardized measuring devices for teaspoons, tablespoons, and cups. Without those, our recipes would never be the same.

I'll edit the original message to reflect this.

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Ah, sí, Jomaguca y Terechu, tenéis un punto excelente. Usamos aparatos de medir especiales, estandarizados para cucharillas, cucharones, y tazas. Sin aquellos, nuestras recetas nunca serían las mismas.

Voy a editar el mensaje original para reflejarlo.
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