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Spaniards in WV Mines in 1921 / Mineros españoles en 1921

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Joined: 17 Feb 2003
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Location: Maryland

PostPosted: Tue Jun 17, 2003 1:25 pm    Post subject: Spaniards in WV Mines in 1921 / Mineros españoles en 1921 Reply with quote

Tom Hidalgo's 1999 dissertation, "Reconstructing a History of Spanish Immigrants in West Virginia" says there were 2196 Spaniards working in West Virginia mines n 1921. That's an amazing number, given the relatively small population of the state. (In the 1920 census the state had a population of 1,463,701.) These Spanish miners worked in 19 of the state's 55 counties, which shows a wide distribution, especially since it is unlikely that all of WV's counties had active mining. Moreover, these numbers don't include Spanish working in other kinds of jobs, like the zinc workers.

Tom Hidalgo also reported that out of a sampling of those who applied for US citizenship in Fayette and Raliegh counties (over an undisclosed period of time), about 21 of the 164 (or 12 percent) were Asturian. These two counties are in southern WV, so the Spaniards would probably have been primarily coal miners.

Of course, not every Asturian (or Spaniard) in WV was a miner or zinc worker. My grandfather, for example, was an artist, muralist, and interior decorator. Quite a few ran small businesses (groceries, meat stores, bootlegging & moonshining, importers). I know of at least one Anmoore family that ended up in farming.

[Thanks to Bob for double-checking the math.]

[Translated by JuanLeon]

La disertación de Tom Hidalgo de 1999, titulada "Reconstrucción de la
Historia de los Inmigrantes Españoles en Virginia Occidental", dice que 2.196 españoles trabajaban en las minas de Virginia Occidental en 1921. Es una cifra increíble, dada la baja población del estado (en el censo de 1920 el estado de Virginia Occidental tenía 1.463.701 habitantes). Estos mineros españoles trabajaban en 19 de los 55 condados del estado, lo que indica una ámplia distribución, sobre todo dado que es poco probable que todos los condados de Virginia Occidental tuvieran actividad minera. Esta cifra no incluye a los españoles empleados en otras actividades laborales, tales como el zinc.

Tom Hidalgo también documenta que, de una muestra de las solicitudes
de naturalización en los condados de Fayette y Releigh (en un periodo que no indicó), unos 21 de los 164 (o 12 por ciento) eran asturianos. Estos dos condados se encuentran en el sur de Virginia, de manera que esta gente trabajaría en minas de carbón.

Aún asi, no todos los asturianos (o españoles) de Virginia Occidental
eran mineros o trabajadores del zinc. Mi abuelo, por ejemplo, era artista, muralista, y decorador. Bastante gente tenía pequeños negocios (tiendas de comestibles, carnicerías, distilerías clandestinas, importación). Sé de una familia de Anmoore que acabo explotando una granja.

[Le doy las gracias a Bob por revisar mis cálculos]

Last edited by Art on Tue Jun 17, 2003 3:04 pm; edited 2 times in total
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Joined: 24 Oct 2003
Posts: 338
Location: Washington, D.C.

PostPosted: Fri Oct 24, 2003 5:17 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

My grandfather was probably one of those Fayette county Asturianos. He was an electrician in coal mines, and later in life headed up the apprentice program for the IBEW's West Virgina chapter.

[Translated by JuanLeon]

Mi abuelo fué seguramente uno de esos asturianos del condado de
Fayette. Trabajaba de electricista en minas de carbón, y más tarde dirigió el programa de aprendices, en la sección de Virginia Occidental, de la IBEW [N. del T.: un sindicato].
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PostPosted: Fri Feb 03, 2006 2:41 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I've added more info about the Spanish and Asturian population around Clarksburg, West Virginia, here:


He añadido más datos sobre la población de españoles y asturianos en alrededor de Clarksburg, Virginia Occidental, aqui:
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